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Skin Allergy Treatment

Skin Allergy Treatment

Our immune system is the safeguard of our body. It fights and protects us from harmful microorganisms. But sometimes it becomes dysfunctional and results in allergic disorders. Allergy is a broad term which includes many different types of diseases in which the common pathogenetic mechanism being hypersensitivity of the immune system to some substance (Allergens).

Allergens may or may not be typically harmful to the body. Allergens can be exogenous or endogenous and include certain foods, pollen, molds, dust, insect bites, drugs, chemicals or pet dander and other animal products. It may affect skin or nose or airways or eyes or any other body system depending upon the localization of the allergen.

Skin allergy manifests in the form of different types of rashes. So when you get any rash, visit a Dermatologist who would look at your rash and tell if it is an allergy of any kinds really or some other problem. The most severe form of skin allergy is anaphylaxis which can be life-threatening. This can lead to breathing difficulties, light headedness, and loss of consciousness. If you experience any of these symptoms, rush to your doctor for medical help.

A Patient develops the symptoms when the allergen gets entry into the skin via direct contact or through the systemic circulation. Skin Allergy manifests in varied forms like:-

  • Rashes: Irritation, redness, swelling and or itching in the affected area of skin.
  • Eczema: Patches of skin get inflamed, fluid may ooze and generally very itchy.
  • Contact dermatitis: Red, itchy patches develop in particular area of skin after contact with an allergen.
  • Hives: Red, itchy, and raised welts of various sizes and shapes develop randomly on different parts of skin surface.
  • Itching: There’s irritation or inflammation in the skin.
  • Burning: Skin inflammation leads to discomfort and stinging sensations.
  • Sun sensitivity: Allergy rashes appear mainly on sun exposed areas.

Diagnosis of Allergy

Once skin allergy is suspected then skin examination (type and distribution of rash) can provide a clue to the possible allergen in some patients. Besides detailed history regarding exposure to different allergens can be the clincher. Some blood test and skin tests can also help in diagnosing your condition. Tests performed for diagnosing the allergy:-

  • Blood test- Blood will be tested for the presence of allergy-causing antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE) and blood cells (eosinophils).
  • Skin test:Patch test or prick test can be done to find the allergen.

Treatments for curing Allergies

The best way to avoid allergies is to avoid contact with objects that trigger the reaction. However, it may not be always possible and here are some treatment options available for you:

  • Antihistamines like diphenhydramine, cetirizine, loratadine, fexofenadine
  • Cromolyn sodium
  • Corticosteroids – topical and oral
  • Immunomodulators
  • Epinephrine (emergency treatment)

The good news is most allergies are manageable with avoidance, medications, and lifestyle changes. Getting your condition diagnosed by your doctor can help reduce major complications. Cope up with the Skin Allergies or associated problems thereof by consulting Skin Care World in Gurgaon.

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