Your skin has small holes called pores which may become blocked by oil, dead skin cells bacteria, and dirt. Due to this, you may develop a pimple or “zit.” It most commonly occurs on your face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. If you are having acne, you’ll usually notice pimples that are white or black in appearance. These blackheads and whiteheads are basically comedones. Some comedones develop inflammatory changes and turn red and these are more likely to give scarring to your skin.
Different types of acne lesions that can occur are:
Papules - tiny red, raised bumps due to inflamed or infected hair follicles.
Every pore on your skin is the opening to a follicle. The follicle has two parts, a hair and a sebaceous gland. The sebaceous gland secretes sebum (oil), which goes up the hair, out of the pore, and onto the skin. It keeps your skin lubricated and soft. Multiple factors contribute to acne like
Abnormal sebum production by your pilosebaceous unit
Your doctor confirms the diagnosis by skin examination.
Acne patient can take some general measures at home like cleaning your skin regularly, using water-based make up products, not squeezing or touching pimples, and taking low glycemic diet. Those who have a tendency for acne scarring should seek treatment early.
Acne can be treated easily with the multitude of treatment options that are now available. Medications help by killing bacteria, opening pores, reducing sebum on your skin. Some of these are Benzoyl peroxide, Resorcinol and Salicylic acid. Sometimes, if you still continue to experience symptoms, you may need to seek further medical advice. Your doctor may prescribe medications like antibiotics and topical creams or oral retinoids that may help reduce your symptoms and prevent scarring. Your doctor can also recommend additional procedures to treat severe acne and prevent scarring by like.
But, unfortunately if you get acne scars, you may want to undergo skin-smoothing procedures to help lessen their appearance.
General scar removal treatments are:
Micro-dermabrasion:- This is a less intensive type of dermabrasion in which dermatologist uses a spray of small crystals instead of a high-speed brush to eliminate surface skin.
Microneedling:- A roller studded with multiple needles is passed across the scarred area. This controlled trauma of the skin leads to deposition of fresh collagen in skin and leads to smoothening of the scars.
Chemical peels:- Chemical peels can decrease the appearance of shallow acne scars and post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation around a healed acne lesion.
Retinoic acid: Retinoic acid cream applied directly to the scar can help lessen its appearance.
Lasers:- Laser work well for acne scars. They cause controlled trauma in the deeper layers of the skin and stimulates new collagen production at the base of the scars which leads to its smoothening.
Fillers:- A substance such as hyaluronic acid, or fat can be used to "fill out" certain types of acne scars, especially those that have resulted in significant depressed appearance of the skin.
Dermabrasion:- A high-speed brush or other device to resurface your skin and remove or minimize the depth of scars.
Acne Scar Surgery:- Some minor surgical procedures can be done to take out the scars which are not likely to respond even with the laser treatment.
Skin grafting:- In skin grafting, your doctor will use a small piece of normal skin to fill in an area of scarred skin.
Acne is an extremely common skin problem and most of the acne patients experience some degree of scarring. They are the result of altered healing response of the patient’s skin when the acne lesion clears.
Aberrant production and degradation of the collagen in dermis during healing leads to various types of acne scars like atrophic scars and hypertrophic scars.
Of these, atrophic scars are more common seen in 80-90% of cases while hypertrophic scars are less common. There are further different types of atrophic scars (ice pick, rolling and boxcar) and while planning the treatment the scar types are taken into account. Scarring response is commonly accompanied by pigmentary changes in the skin in the form of dark patches or redness.
Acne scars need to be treated in order to improve one’s appearance and enhance the self esteem. With the advances in science, we can now treat acne scars effectively.
Treatment of acne scars is multimodality and generally needs multiple sessions. With every treatment session there is improvement in the appearance of the scars. Different treatment options include laser resurfacing, chemical peels, microneedling, MNRF, scar surgery, and fillers. Dermatologists would make the best cocktail out of these treatment options which would clear your scars effectively without much discomfort and complications. Downtime is different for different therapies.
Patients should not scratch or pick their lesions as it irritates the lesions and then they take more time to clear and also chances of scarring and pigmentation increases. Never fiddle with acne spots and follow sun protective measures while undergoing treatment for acne scars. So no need to live with acne or acne scars either. Seek help of a dermatologist to take care of your problems related to acne and acne scars. Acne problems seem to be a small problem but it should not be neglected by the patients. Avail the best and safe Acne & Acne Scar Treatments in Gurgaon at Skin Care World.
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