HYPERPIGMENTATION


Hyperpigmentation is a skin disorder in which excess melanin is produced on the skin causing the skin to darken in small patches, or covering large areas and rarely even the entire body. This condition isn’t harmful, but it can be a symptom of a medical condition.

Skin patches are never desirable and can often take away your confidence making you conscious around people.

Common Types of Hyperpigmentation

There are different types of hyperpigmentation such as:-

  • Melasma : It is caused by hormonal changes and mostly develops in women during pregnancy. Dark brownish patches appear on the face.

  • Sunspots: It is caused due to excess sun exposure of the skin over time. It is also called liver spots or solar lentigines.

  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: It is a result of any kind of injury to the skin. Also, some skin diseases leave pigmented marks while healing.

  • Sun exposure: Excessive sun exposure leads to tanning.

  • Acne: Zits often leave pigmented marks over the face.

  • Birthmarks: Some birthmarks present as dark patches on the skin.

  • Drugs: Certain medications and some chemotherapy drugs can lead to hyperpigmentation as a side effect.

  • Endocrine diseases, like Addison’s disease, can increase melanin production but these are relatively rare.

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Symptoms

Darkened areas of the skin are the only visible symptoms of hyperpigmentation. Patches can vary in size and color and shape.

Diagnosis of Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation can be accurately diagnosed by a dermatologist by studying the medical history of the patient, performing a physical examination and doing dermatoscopy. In certain cases, a skin biopsy may be required.

Treatments

  • Home care: Using sunscreen on a daily basis and wearing suitable clothes to block sun rays.
  • Chemical peel: A phenol peel or TCA peel by a professional dermatologist.
  • Laser peel: Fractional lasers and q switched Nd YAG for tough pigment.
  • Photo facial: An intense pulsed light is used for treating hyperpigmentation.
  • Topical medications: Creams with skin lightening agents like kojic acid, retinoids, vitamin C can help treat some cases of hyperpigmentation. Results may be visible in a few months time.
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It is important for you to know that hyperpigmentation is not harmful. Also, the right treatment for your condition may improve the appearance of skin.

Preventing Hyperpigmentation

Several factors may be responsible for hyperpigmentation and it may not always be possible to prevent its symptoms. However, basic prevention steps can save you from its cause. Prevention tips:-

  • Us sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30
  • Wear hats or clothing that block sunlight
  • Avoiding the sun during the hottest times of the day(11am-3pm)
  • Avoiding certain medications may also prevent hyperpigmentation

Just leave your skin worries and get the timely skin treatment to cure pigmentation and Hyperpigmentation Problems in Gurgaon through Skin Care World. A Clear skin is the impression of your personality.

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