Nail Fungus/Disorder

Nail fungus is a fungal infection that may cause your nail to discolor, thicken and crumble at the edge. It begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of the nails (fingernail or toenail).

Nail fungus is also called onychomycosis (on-ih-koh-my-KOH-sis) and tinea unguium. If the fungus infects the areas between toes and the skin of feet, it's called athlete's foot (tinea pedis).

The infection severity may range from mild to severe and treatment is tailored accordingly. Few self care tips can be followed up by the patient.

What is a Fungi?

Fungi are microscopic organisms that grow in warm, moist environments. Fungi don't need sunlight to survive. Some fungi may be beneficial, whereas others may cause infections.

Symptoms of Nail Fungus

If you experience any of the following symptoms in one or more of your nails, it may be indicating a fungal infection in your nails.

  • Thickened nails
  • Discoloration (whitish to yellow-brown)
  • Brittle or crumbly
  • Distorted in shape
  • Building up of debris under the nail causing darkening of nail
  • Foul smell
  • Feel pain in your toes or fingertips
  • Separation of nail from the nail bed

Causes of Nail Fungus

  • Dermatophyte fungus is the most common cause. But Yeast can also cause nail infections.
  • Easy to develop in older age, as the nail ages and becomes dry and brittle.
  • Poor blood circulation, diabetes or a weakened immune system may also contribute.
  • Heavy perspiration
  • Wearing socks and shoes for long hours, hindering ventilation.

You should visit a physician if the nail becomes increasingly discolored, thickened or deformed. Also, see a doctor if you have diabetes and think you're developing nail fungus.

Prevention Tips:-

Prevention is better then cure, and so, below are few habits that can help you prevent fungal infection in your nails.

  • Wash your hands and feet regularly and dry thoroughly. Moisturize your nails after drying.
  • Keep your nails short and clean.
  • Wear sweat-absorbing socks or change your socks regularly.
  • Opt for shoes that reduce humidity, antifungal powder may also help.
  • Don't trim or pick at the skin around the nails.
  • Avoid nail paints if you have mild fungus, it may increase the moisture.
  • Choose a nail salon that uses sterilized manicure tools for each customer.
  • Avoid walking barefoot in damp areas.

For best treatment guide contact the Dermatologist to get the Nail Fungus or Nail Disease Treatment in Gurgaon at Skin Care World.


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